Spain 'will accept' disputed migrant ship Aquarius

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Spain’s prime minister has said the country will take in a rescue ship stranded in the Mediterranean, to help avoid a humanitarian disaster.

Pedro Sánchez said he would give “safe harbour” to the Aquarius and the 629 people on board, after Italy and Malta both refused to let the ship dock.

The UN refugee agency and the EU had both called for a swift end to the stand-off between the two countries.

Mr Sánchez, who took office a week ago, said the ship would dock in Valencia.

The migrants aboard the Aquarius were picked up from inflatable boats off the coast of Libya at the weekend, in six different rescue operations, according to the German charity SOS Méditerranée.

“It is our duty to help avoid a humanitarian catastrophe and offer a safe port to these people, to comply with our human rights obligations,” Mr Sanchez’s office said.

Who is on board the ship?

Those saved include 123 unaccompanied minors, 11 younger children and seven pregnant women, SOS Méditerranée said.

The minors are aged between 13 and 17 and come from Eritrea, Ghana, Nigeria and Sudan, according to a journalist on the ship, Anelise Borges.

“Most of them are sleeping outside. They are obviously exhausted, they have been exposed to the elements, they have been at sea for 20 to 30 hours prior to their rescue,” she told the BBC.

“They are fragile and we have yet to learn what’s going to happen to them,” she added.

Skip Twitter post by @AnneliseBorges

Still no news from Italy’s MRCC. We have been standing by for 3 hours now. Situation is calm aboard, majority of people rescued are asleep. @MSF_Sea says would like to be able to disembark passengers soon, but can cope for “a few days” https://t.co/JbH6oE9VXW

— Anelise Borges (@AnneliseBorges) June 10, 2018

End of Twitter post by @AnneliseBorges

Why did Italy reject the ship?

Italy’s new Interior Minister Matteo Salvini refused to let the ship in, saying: “Saving lives is a duty, turning Italy into a huge refugee camp is not.”

“Italy is done bending over backwards and obeying – this time THERE IS SOMEONE WHO SAYS NO,” he wrote on Twitter, with the hashtag #closethedoors.

Mr Salvini, leader of the right-wing League party, promised during Italy’s recent general election to take a tough stance against migration.

He said Malta should accept the Aquarius, but it refused, arguing that it falls under Italy’s jurisdiction.

Italy is the main entry point for migrants crossing from North Africa to Europe.

Mr Salvini has previously said he is considering action against organisations that rescue migrants at sea. He has accused them of being in cahoots with people-smugglers.

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On Sunday, he said that Italy was saying “no to human trafficking, no to the business of illegal immigration”.

“Malta takes in nobody,” he added. “France pushes people back at the border, Spain defends its frontier with weapons.”

SOS Méditerranée said late on Sunday that the Aquarius had been instructed by the Italian Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre to stand by in its current position, 35 nautical miles (65km) from Italy and 27 nautical miles from Malta.

Despite Mr Salvini’s stance, the mayors of Taranto and Naples had both offered to welcome the migrants, with Taranto’s Rinaldo Melucci saying the Italian port city was “ready to embrace every life in danger”.

Naples mayor Luigi de Magistris tweeted that “if a minister without a heart leaves pregnant women, children, old people, human beings to die, the port of Naples is ready to welcome them”.

What about Malta?

A spokesman for the Maltese government told AFP news agency Malta was “neither the co-ordinating nor the competent authority” in the rescue operation.

Skip Twitter post by @JosephMuscat_JM

We are concerned at #Italy authorities’ directions given to #Acquarius on high seas. They manifestly go against international rules, and risk creating a dangerous situation for all those involved -JM

— Joseph Muscat (@JosephMuscat_JM) June 10, 2018

End of Twitter post by @JosephMuscat_JM

Prime Minister Joseph Muscat insisted that Malta would not allow Aquarius to dock at its ports and said Italy’s instructions to the boat were dangerous.

“They manifestly go against international rules, and risk creating a dangerous situation for all those involved,” he said in a tweet.

A smart move by Spain’s new prime minister

By Guy Hedgecoe, BBC News, Madrid

While Spain’s willingness to take in the Aquarius has surprised many observers, for the new Spanish government it does make political sense for several reasons.

The move solves a potentially thorny problem for the European Union, bolstering Pedro Sánchez’s hopes of becoming an influential leader within the bloc.

The new prime minister appears keen to distance himself from the legacy of his predecessor, Mariano Rajoy, whose international impact was discreet and who only took in a fraction of the refugees agreed upon in a 2015 accord with the EU.

In addition, this gesture is likely to impress left-leaning parties such as Podemos which were instrumental in voting the Socialist in to office on 1 June, and whose support he still needs.

What is the law on rescue ships?

Rules on disembarking and assisting rescue ships such as Aquarius are governed by international law.

The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea dictates that any ship learning of distress at sea must assist regardless of the circumstances.

It says that the country responsible for operations in that area has primary responsibility for taking them from the ship.

It also clearly states that the relevant government “shall arrange for such disembarkation to be effected as soon as reasonably practicable”.

Given that the migrants were rescued off the coast of Libya, the closest ports are likely to be either Sicily in Italy or Malta, which is why there has been a stand-off between the two countries.

A note on terminology: The BBC uses the term migrant to refer to all people on the move who have yet to complete the legal process of claiming asylum. This group includes people fleeing war-torn countries such as Syria, who are likely to be granted refugee status, as well as people who are seeking jobs and better lives, who governments are likely to rule are economic migrants.

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